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上海市燎原实验中学国际部教师谈课中课(the hidden lesson)的重要性
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  What are we missing if we do not have a lesson underneath a lesson?


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  授课中没有另一个课堂,我们在授课中会错过些什么?


  Every time I think about my classes and how I am preparing,I try to think about what I am really trying to teach these students.Am I trying to teach them how to work together or to become more independent?Am I trying to get them to listen to what I am saying and retain their attention?Am I trying to teach them to be prepared,confident presenting,or timely?What is my objective of this lesson and where does it begin?


  每次我在反思以及怎样准备这些课程的时候,我都会考虑一个问题:我究竟要教会我的学生什么?是要引导他们怎样去和团队合作还是让他们学习怎样才能更加独立?是要花心思让学生认真听我所讲的内容,让(小朋友们)保持注意力集中?我是要教会他们准备好自信的表达自己?要卡时间吗?我这节课的授课目标是什么,而这个目标(要在课堂中)什么时候开始实行?


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  There should always be a hidden lesson.I may be teaching students subjects content,how to spell cat or to recite the ABC’s,but I always find what is the lesson underneath the lesson more important.Primary school students,especially 1st or 2nd grade students are new to a school setting and,unless they have sibling or close relatives around their ages,being around other young learners.Until this point,life has been about them and our duty is to look beyond the ABCs.For that matter,this applies to any stage of education.Our role is to prepare them for school and social encounters.Our job is to get them to work together and be patient with themselves and others.


  常规的课堂中一定要一直有一个隐藏的课堂。我可能只是在教学生相关科目的知识,例如怎样拼写猫或者背诵英文字母表。但是我意识到在常规的课堂后面,隐藏的课堂更加重要。对于小学生来说,尤其是1年级2年级的学生,学校的环境对于他们来说是全新的体验。除非他们有和他们年龄相近的兄妹姐弟在身边。到入学前,他们是事情的中心。所以现在我们的任务就是深入到ABC以外隐藏的教育。而这个教育可以应用到教育的任何阶段。教师的角色就让学生做好学校生活和社会生活的准备。我们的工作就是让学生们学会团队合作,对他人有耐心,对自己有耐心。


  The best way we can do this with students at such an early age is persistence and patience,but it is not always easy.The reward of being a teacher is heart filled moment when you see your students grow as individuals.When you see a student come out of their shell and improve in class,academically and morally,you know you are achieving the hidden lesson.


  对于幼教来说,最好的方式就是耐心和恒心,虽然中间困难重重。但最开心莫过于看到自己的学生的成长。当你看到一个学生开始勇敢的从保护壳里钻出来,在课堂上一直在提升,不管是学术上还是心智上。你的课中有课的教学模式就在慢慢成功了。


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  A hidden lesson can go as the following,students are assigned group work,for instance creating poster about‘Cause and Effect together.The main lesson is showing the understanding of cause and effect,but the hidden lesson is for students to develop their communication and team working skills.Students have to allocate what contribution each member of the team makes to complete the assignment.Some students will struggle with this more than others,but here how to resolve disagreement and conflict can also be addressed as part of the hidden lesson.


  以下的课堂设置都可以实现课中课:把学生分组制作一个关于‘原因和结果’的海报,那么主要的课程就是展示学生对原因和结果的理解,但是隐藏其中的课程就是让学生发展沟通交流能力和团队合作能力。学生要分配每个小组成员的任务,然后去完成整个任务。对于有些学生来说,团队合作会比较困难,但是怎么样处理意见的不统一和冲突其实也是隐藏课程的一部分。


  You may have moments of relapse and have to find the right‘tough love’method for students to obtain these lessons,but your persistence will pay off.Having an extra parent meeting,talking with the students for them to understand the hidden lesson or praise for personal achievements,beyond academic achievement goes miles.Remind yourself you are not the only person in the equation teaching these hidden lessons.Encourage the parents,the most important teachers these students will ever have,the hidden lesson will forever be more important than cramming in the periodic table or getting the perfect score on their academic test.


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  你可能碰到学生的表现又倒回以前水平的时候,或者你必须用非常严厉的方式让学生参与到课堂中去。但是,你要相信你的坚持和努力绝不会付诸东流。此外,举办在家长会,和小学生们好好聊一聊让他们理解隐藏课堂的重要性,或者及时表扬他们。请牢记你不是一个人在尝试课中课的教学方式。鼓励家长参与,他们是学生成长过程中最重要的老师,隐藏的课程永远都比填鸭式周期性的教学重要,也远比学术测试中完美的分数重要。


  Don’t forget the hidden lesson.Every teacher should have one.


  不要忘记隐藏的课程。每个老师都应该有一个课中课的教学方案。


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